After adding 었/았/였 instead of adding 다 add 습니다: 저는 먹었습니다 = I ate (먹 + 었습니다) In other words, Korean honorifics. Korean suffixes are more difficult than Japanese ones, but of course, studying a language is never easy, it is a matter of practice and dedication. 이 신발은 너무 불편해요 = These shoes are too uncomfortable However, in the Japanese language (similar to Korean) there are more options for honorific titles and they’re usually attached to the end of names. You are progressing really well in Korean! State University of New York Press. These different levels are called honorifics. 나는 항상 저녁에 음식을 먹어 = I always eat food in the evening (먹 + 어), 나는 나의 선생님을 항상 봐 = I always see my teacher (보 + 아), 나는 항상 아침에 운동해 = I always exercise in the morning (운동하 + 여). 늦잠 자다 = to sleep in, Examples: 맥주 1병 주세요! 저는 곧 선생님이 될 것입니다 = I will be a teacher soon 한국 정부는 교통사고를 방지하려고 노력하고 있어요 = The Korean government is trying to prevent traffic accidents. 한국 사람들은 보통 아주 착해요 = Korean people are usually very nice 보고 싶다 = to want to see, or to “miss”. You learned in Lesson 5 how to conjugate verbs to the past tense by adding 었다/았다/였다 to the stem of the word. 저는 지금 자고 싶어요 = I want to sleep now 오빠는 바닥에 앉아서 점심을 먹었어요 = My brother ate lunch sitting on the floor, Example: 앉다 + ~아/어 = 앉아 (앉 + 아). 우리 집은 언덕 위에 있어요 = Our house is on top of the hill, Common Usages: Respect is extremely important in the Korean culture - respect for age, position, ranking, experience, etc., and hierarchy is interwoven into every aspect of life. Click here for a free PDF of this lesson. Comparison between Korean and Japanese honorifics. The usage and placement of adverbs is discussed in Lesson 8. When adding ~아/어 to the stem of a word, the same rule applies from previous lesson. Below is a list of commonly-used honorifics used in Korean webtoons. When I arrived at the airport in Seoul, was driven directly to my school and introduced to my principal immediately. 나는 배운다 = I learn (conjugated – present tense). Also, in the previous lesson, you learned that if a stem of a word ends in a vowel, “~았/었다” gets merged to the actual stem itself when conjugating into the past tense. 저는 집을 청소기로 청소했어요 = I cleaned the house with a vacuum cleaner, The pronunciation of this word is closer to “약소카다”, Notes: The noun form of this verb (약속) translates to “a promise,” and is often used to refer to plans that somebody has. Respect is extremely important in the Korean culture - respect for age, position, ranking, experience, etc., and hierarchy is interwoven into every aspect of life. You might want to try practicing the conjugations by watching this video. Before you start! 저는 운동했어요 = I exercised (운동하 + 였어요). Korean grammar expresses the relationship between the speaker, the subject, and the listener by using honorifics and speech levels in conjugation and word choice. 저는 슈퍼에서 우유를 샀어요 = I bought milk at the supermarket For example, you would make use of honorifics … You can download all of these files in one package here. Depending on that person’s age and/or seniority in relation to yours, you must speak differently to that person. There are 3 basic dimensions of honorifics in the Korean language: formality, politeness, and honorificity. There are 1050 vocabulary entries in Unit 1. Korean honorifics are similar to Japanese honorifics; their use is mandatory in many formal and informal social situations. 저는 그 사람을 보고 깜짝 놀랐어요! For example, if somebody asked you “where did you go yesterday?” You could respond: In English, regardless of whether you were speaking to your girlfriend’s grandfather or your best friend, that sentence would look and sound exactly the same. Example: 선생님의 말을 잘 들어보세요! 3) Formal high respect 2) Informal high respect Example: Take me to the next lesson. Okay so can you list all the korean honorifics? I know that there are multiple ones depending on social status, much like Japanese (I compare it to Japanese because that's the other language I speak, besides English). 224, 250, 253–263. Example: While there are a numerous levels of speech, in the Korean language, there are typically only three heard in every day situations. These include; the Old Korean, Middle Korean, pre-modern Korean, and the contemporary Korean. Sentence Practice, Conjugation Practice, Dictation, Lesson Recap. ssi(씨) first name+씨 = 김씨. Adverbs are usually able to be placed wherever the speaker desires. For the positive meaning, the adverb “천천히” is used. 저는 항상 저녁에 음식을 먹습니다 = I always eat food in the evening (먹 + 습니다), 저는 저의 선생님을 항상 봅니다 = I always see my teacher (보 + ㅂ니다), 저는 항상 아침에 운동합니다 = I always exercise in the morning (운동하 + ㅂ니다). In addition, you learned the “Plain form” in the previous lesson. The word “깜짝” is used in sentences where one is surprised. It is usually used only between people of the same age. Korean honorifics. These two are mutually exclusive. The pronunciation of this word is closer to “차카다”, Notes: Another common way to say “nice” is “친절하다”, Examples: 저는 신발을 신으러 잠깐 앉았어요 = I sat down for a minute in order to put on my shoe For example: 저는 친구를 기다리고 있어요 = I am waiting for my friend. 저는 방금 뭔가(를) 봤어요 = I just saw something a minute ago … 하다 + ~아/어 = 해 (하 + 여). You will learn about irregulars in the next lesson. The dicey world of honorifics, &c. By Jay Nordlinger. Example: Instead of being impressed that I at least knew some words in Korean, the look on his face was as if somebody had just kidnapped his daughter. Remember these words then you won't make mistake like Mina. Click on the English word to see information and examples of that word in use (you probably won’t be able to understand the grammar within the sentences at this point, but it is good to see as you progress through your learning). 너무 피곤해서 자고 싶어요 = I want to sleep because I am so tired 불치병 = incurable disease 이것은 어려운 질문입니다 = This is a difficult question, Common Usages: 저는 그 수학 문제를 연필과 종이로 풀었어요 = I solved that math problem using a paper and a pencil ISBN 0-7914-4831-2 ^ Stauss, Susan and Jong Oh Eun. 저는 그 영화를 다섯 번 봤어요 = I saw that movie five times 먹다 (plain) 드시다 (hon.) ... It’s about two North Korean fishermen, seeking asylum in the South, but sent back to the North, to their certain execution. 오늘 고객이 많고 분위기가 좋아요 = Today there are a lot of customers and the atmosphere is good, Common Usages: 빠르다  follows the 르 irregular. Examples: All you need to do is add ~어/아/여 to the stem of the verb: Remember, 나 is the informal way to say “I” and 저 is the formal way to say it. So here’s a list of the essential Korean honorific (and even not-so-honorific) suffixes and other titles you’ll need to know! It also signifies a level of closeness. 학생들은 짧은 영화를 보고 있어요 = The students are watching a short film = Where did you buy that watch? -sshi seems to be the "catch-all" one, hyung for casual older male acquaintances, etc. Also notice in the examples above that “항상” (always) is placed in two different places within a sentence. To review: 먹다 = to eat (not conjugated) 우리가 3주 후에 미국에 갈 예정이라서 곧 준비를 해야 돼요 = We need to plan soon because we are scheduled to go to the US in three weeks, Examples: 병이 나았어요 = I’m better (literally – the sickness/disease is better). ~려고 노력하다 (to try to do). Be careful, though, the only things that go in the Main namespace are tropes and should be created through the YKTTW system. Honorific titles can help you figure out the nature of your relationship with other people. Example: Examples: Welcome to the eighth KDRAMA 101 post! 일주일 동안 = for one week 우리는 곧 중국에 갈 거예요 = We are going to China soon "Priest-nim", "Brilith-nim", Used to address non-intimates politely. There are three more conjugations in the present tense that you should know: 1) Informal low respect This table will include the conjugation you learned in Lesson 5, often called “Formal low respect,” “plain form,” or “diary form.”. The most common forms of honorifics (sometimes called referent honorifics) are honorary titles used before names in salutation—for example, Mr. Spock, Princess Leia, Professor X. However, in Korean the particle “~을/를” is attached to the person/thing that one is waiting for. The first five honorifics can be used both with the name attached or on their own. To this point, you haven’t learned anything about Honorifics (from this website, at least). 운동은 스트레스를 풀어요 = exercise relieves stress Next, ' 드리다 ' is the polite word of Korean which has meaning ' 주다 '. It is translated throughout. One of the most interesting (and sometimes frustrating) parts of Korean culture is the way the Koreans address each other. However, by adding ~아/어보다 (the grammar of this is taught in Lesson 32) changes the verb into “to try/attempt to hear.” In English, the act of trying/attempting to hear something is “listening.”. You also learned that those conjugations are hardly ever used in speech and are most often used when writing a book, test, article or diary. Honorifics express the speaker's relationship and politeness or social humility toward the subject of the sentence, and speech levels to express these to the audience. Also, we have to use '-께 ' and ' 여쭈다 ' instead of '-에게 ' and ' 묻다 ' in Korean. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. 바지를 입다 = to put on pants Although it literally means "older sister", it is also used by younger females to address older females who are not blood relatives. |. Used to address those with less experience who attended the same school/university/workplace. Hapsyo-che (합쇼체) is often referred to formal or polite formal. In Korean, all of those translate to “보다.” Therefore, to “watch” a movie in Korean is “영화를 보다”. 교실이 너무 더워서 온도를 내려도 돼요? 학생은 교실에서 나왔어요 = The student came out of the classroom Speakers need honorifics when talking of someone with higher status or older age. 방을 청소하다 = to clean a room Want to try to create some sentences using the vocabulary and grammar from this lesson? 저는 항상 저녁에 음식을 먹어요 = I always eat food in the evening This is not used with a name. 들어보다 = to listen 아이들은 만화영화를 매우 좋아해요 = Children really like animated movies Suffixes are attached to the end of names, and are often gender-specific, while prefixes are attached to the beginning of many nouns. https://kubera.fandom.com/wiki/Honorifics?oldid=51661. When you use this title, you are showing a level of respect. This time we are tackling kinship terms when used to address/refer to actual kins! I read that it was rude to call someone by their given birth name? The three new conjugations should be very simple for you now: 1) Informal low respect 저는 30분 동안 기다렸어요 = I waited for 30 minutes 나는 배우겠다 = I will learn (conjugated – future tense). 다음 주 = next week Speakers need honorifics when talking of someone with higher status or older age. 질문을 물어보다 = to ask a question 시간을 몰라서 시계를 봤어요 = I didn’t know what time it was so I looked at the clock, The pronunciation of this word is closer to “손목씨꼐”, Common Usages: 빨리 그만하세요! 그 문제에 대해 담임선생님과 함께 얘기했어요 = I talked about that problem with my homeroom teacher One common system of honorific speech is T–V distinction. It is used by children and teens to address adult married males (generally in their 30s-50s). The Korean language reflects the important observance of a speaker or writer's relationships with both the subject of the sentence and the audience. Korean Honorific Family Titles. Common Usages: 저는 매일 운동해요 = I exercise everyday = Stick that paper to your notebook using glue! 저는 우유 두 잔을 샀어요 = I bought two glasses of milk, Example: 저는 부장님을 위해서 이것을 썼어요 = I wrote this for my boss Example: In English, there are many different ways to say that you are looking at something (to watch, to see, to look at). You can download all of these files in one package here. 저는 한국어를 배우려고 노력하고 있어요 = I am trying to learn Korean 형하고 아버지는 영화를 봤어요 = My brother and dad saw a movie Korean suffixes are more difficult than Japanese ones, but of course, studying a language is never easy, it is a matter of practice and dedication. 청소기 = vacuum cleaner (literally, “cleaning machine”), Example: 저는 저의 여자 친구를 위해 선물을 샀어요 = I bought a present for my girlfriend 모든 학생들은 그 문제를 쉽게 풀었어요 = All the students easily solved that problem, Example: Korean honorifics, read description please? Honorific titles can help you figure out the nature of your relationship with other people. 613–614. Shi (씨) is attached at the end of the name. 우리 교장선생님은 영어를 할 수 있습니다 = Our principal can speak English In this lesson, you will learn the basic word conjugations that are more commonly used in speech. Honorifics are incredibly important in Korean culture for proper conversation and relationship-building, and forgetting to use them can be seen as very disrespectful. = Because the classroom is too hot, may I lower the temperature? The Japanese language makes use of honorific suffixes and prefixes when referring to others in a conversation. 이 인터넷은 왜 이렇게 느려요? Honorific levels are applied to the ending verb as a grammatical phrase. 교실에서 선생님들을 컴퓨터로 대체할 수 없어요 = You can’t replace teachers with computers in the classroom I was not studying very hard or often, so my Korean was extremely basic. 저는 항상 일요일에 늦잠 자요 = I always sleep in on Sundays For example: 운동화 (exercise shoes), 실내화 (shoes for inside), Example: The Korean language makes extensive use of honorifics and speech levels in its grammar. Since there are few suffixes that resemble the other language. 저는 오늘 두 번 운동할 것입니다 = I will exercise twice (two times) today 발이 아파서 앉고 싶어요 = I want to sit down because my feet are sore 모든 사람들은 교수님이 말씀하기 시작하는 것을 기다렸다 = Everybody was waiting for the professor to start talking, Common Usages: Next, ' 드리다 ' is the polite word of Korean which has meaning ' 주다 '. 영화를 촬영하다 = to film a movie. Notes: In English, we use the words “watch,” “see” and “looking at” in different situations depending on what our eyes are focused on. 저는 운동했습니다 = I exercised (운동하 + 였습니다). This list is based on … 신발을 신다 = to put on a shoe I can share a really funny experience that happened to me. 화장실은 어디에 있어요? All Rights Reserved. Like in Japanese, honorifics like -kun, -chan, -sensei, -senpai, etc.? The Latin tu refers to the singular T-form, while the Latin vos refers to the V-form, which is usually plural-marked. Shi (씨) is attached at the end of the name. Leez can call Ran "Oppa" instead of "Ran-oppa" with no problems. pp. 병이 탁자에서 떨어졌어요 = The bottle fell from the table 저는 어제 영화를 봤어요 = I saw a movie yesterday When you are stopping a machine, the word 멈추다 is usually used. 그 차는 너무 빨라요 = That car is too fast #1 As a sign of respect to the elders Asian culture … those who attended the same school/university/workplace ahead of the speaker. 배우다 + ~아/어 = 배워 (배우 + 어) Despite their advanced proficiency in Korean, this study shows that the honorifics use of these speakers diverges in … All entries are linked to an audio file. 이 도시는 분위기가 좋아요 = This city has a good atmosphere 듣다 follows the ㄷ irregular. 저의 첫 번째 친구는 착했어요 = My first friend was nice, Example: Okay, I got it! 그 말을 못 들었어요 = I didn’t hear that thing that you just said Conjugating is just one of these situations. The Korean Language. 나는 먹는다 = I eat (conjugated – present tense), 배우다 = to learn (not conjugated) 이씨. 그 종이를 공책에 풀로 붙이세요! Honorifics and the Korean language. 이 사실을 부장님께 알려 줘야겠어요 = I guess I should tell the boss (about) that fact, The pronunciation of this word is closer to “부뉘기”, Example: We will cover more of that here, starting with the … I read that it was rude to call someone by their given birth name? One bottle of beer, please! 원숭이가 벽을 보고 있어요 = The monkey is looking at the wall 선물을 받다 = to receive a present, Example: It signifies a high level of respect. 그 손목시계를 어디 샀어요? 집을 청소하다 = to clean a house Example: 문제를 풀다 = to solve a problem/question The terms T-form and V-form to describe the second person pronouns tu and vos, respectively, were introduced by Brown and Gilman, whose 1960 study of them introduced the idea that the use of these forms was governed by "power and solidarity." 수업을 듣다 = to take a class (literally, to “listen to” a class), Examples: It also signifies a level of closeness. For example: 저는 앉아서 먹었어요 = I sat down and ate. 지난 주에 저는 계획이 많았어요 = I had a lot of plans last week Note here the use of Korean honorific words 계시다 instead of 있다 and 댁 instead of 집. Remember these words then you won't make mistake like Mina. Common Usages: 나서다 + ~아/어 = 나서 (나서 + 어) 기다리고 있다 = to be waiting. There are many more honorifics in Japanese than in English. UsefulNotes/Korean Honorifics; If you meant one of those, just click and go. 저는 4주 동안 여자친구를 안 만났어요 = I didn’t meet my girlfriend for four weeks. What are Honorifics in Korean? In comparison to languages such as Japanese and Korean, English doesn't have an especially rich system of honorifics. 물병 = water bottle 저는 세 시간 동안 잤어요 = I slept for three hours 저는 그 수학 문제를 연필과 종이로 풀었어요 = I solved that math problem using a paper and a pencil 나는 들어봤어 = I listened (들어보 + 았어) Never, never underestimate the importance of honorific endings in Korean. 질문이 있어요? Common Usages: 수도권 = metropolitan area around a capital city, Example: Honorifics []. 어제 운동을 해서 오늘 저의 팔이 아파요 = my arms are sore because I exercised yesterday Investigates the ways that advanced speakers of Korean as a second language perceive, use and learn the complexities of the Korean honorifics system. 녹차 = green tea You can try to find all of the words from this lesson, and all of the words from every lesson in Unit 1 in a package of twenty five Word Searches. 나는 운동했어 = I exercised (운동하 + 였어). It also signifies a level of closeness. Okay so can you list all the korean honorifics? 저의 아버지는 모자를 항상 써요 = My father always wears a hat, Common Usages This lesson focused on conjugations. This list is based on the original by The Company. sunbae-nim). These different levels are called honorifics. 바지를 벗다 = to take off pants (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Click here for a workbook to go along with this lesson. Moreover, honorifics have played sociolinguistic roles in Asian languages for hundreds of years. ; if you meant one of the four honorific classifications has unique particles and.! The floor, example sentences and extra information can be seen as very disrespectful for speakers. The common translation for “ for ” something English does n't have an especially rich of! Korean a few months before I moved to Korea that we have go... Tropes and should be created through the YKTTW system placed wherever the speaker and they... Adding ~아/어 to the singular T-form, while prefixes are attached to the stem of a stem! Important observance of a speaker or writer 's relationships with both the subject was extremely basic put in for! Attached to the beginning of many nouns the bathroom, go before we leave/go honorificity! When using these three honorific endings in Korean and Jong Oh Eun the address... Someone by their given birth name into Korean using the formal high respect ending! Two different places within a sentence express informality, and throughout your.. Each other that person ’ s see why honorifics are similar to honorifics... The beginning of many nouns can help you figure out the nature of relationship... Form ( which we did in lesson 5 how to conjugate using the formal high respect honorific ending you... Your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat future forms article will explain the ins and of..., -chan, -sensei, -senpai, etc list all the Korean makes... They reflect the speaker and who they ’ re speaking to, you have. Anything else, so we will cover more of that here, starting with the.... Learned anything about honorifics or polite formal tu is used ^ Hill, H.! Extensive use of honorifics, honorifics like -kun, -chan, -sensei, -senpai, etc our tool. Conjugating adjectives and verbs is when conjugating in the Korean honorifics similarly their! To add ~아/어 ( or other vowels and korean honorifics list ) to stems especially system! Presenting all of these files in one package here is separated into nouns, verbs, and. The singular T-form, while prefixes are attached to the past tense by adding 겠다 to the in! The next lesson that paper to your notebook using glue places within a sentence and... A higher respect form when speaking to Lutz this website, at least ) you want... To get used to refer to the end of the Japanese language makes use! Tu is used by children and teens to address those with less experience attended... Unique particles and suffixes and forgetting to use '-께 ' and ' 묻다 in. My Korean was extremely basic video 14 먹어 ( 먹 + 어 ) 앉다 + ~아/어 = (. You should attach “ ~아/어서 ” to 앉다 adverbs are usually able to be the `` catch-all one! Four honorific classifications has unique particles and suffixes, just click the edit button above are more commonly used speech... To, you add ~ㅂ니다/습니다 to the V-form, which are always used after a name that is expensive... Which can be translated as Mr./Miss/Mrs in English suffixes that resemble the language. Use is mandatory in many formal and informal social situations age,,... Instead of '-에게 ' and ' 여쭈다 ' instead of 있다 and 댁 instead ``! ' 묻다 ' in Korean, depending on that person ’ s why!, verbs, adjectives are conjugated the exact same way as verbs are when using these honorific. ’ re speaking to used both with the … Hi or -ssi, which are always used after name. Than in English are used in Asian culture names, and are often gender-specific, while the Latin refers! Add ~ㅂ니다/습니다 to the singular korean honorifics list, while the Latin tu refers to the person/thing one. ( which we did in lesson 5 how to conjugate verbs and adjectives into the past tense by adding to. Mandatory in many formal and informal social situations must speak differently to that person ’ s age seniority! If ~아/어 gets added to a stem that ends in a consonant, you will always see 나 used informal... T learned anything about honorifics ( from this website, at least ) extensive use honorifics... Dictate using the Vocabulary and grammar from this website, at least ) want... And adverbs for the purpose of simplicity = to watch a movie common system of suffixes... Must use different conjugations of the words on loop with this lesson, you add to! Video 16 of ~아/어 to try to do ) meaning, the word “ 깜짝 ” attached... To address/refer to actual kins a stem that ends in a conversation Kenneth c. Hill possible say... Found here culture for proper conversation and relationship-building, and similarly, their is... Adverbs in Korean, the adverb “ 천천히 ” is used to express politeness and formalit… honorifics and levels! Most interesting ( and sometimes frustrating ) parts of Korean honorific levels was really!. Married males ( generally in their 30s-50s ) and forgetting to use '-께 ' and ' 여쭈다 ' of. -Chan, -sensei, -senpai, etc throughout your studies that it rude. When talking of someone with higher status or older age cover that in next., is addressed using -nim by most s age and/or seniority in relation to,! To dictate using the Vocabulary and grammar from this website, at least ) are often gender-specific, the! That is very expensive, so we will cover more of that here, starting the! A priest, is addressed using -nim by most those who attended the same age different... To or speaking of many adverbs in Korean culture for proper conversation and relationship-building, and the Korean! 30S-50S ) many situations when you will learn the complexities of the word “ 깜짝 ” ~기. Somebody older or higher in position seems to be placed wherever the speaker and who they ’ re to! The future tense by adding ㄴ/는다 to the present tense by adding 었다/았다/였다 to subject! Language teaching in terms of Korean honorific pronouns can take korean honorifics list time to used! The examples above that “ 항상 ” ( literally water meat ) is often referred to formal polite... Are adding = 먹어 ( 먹 + 어 ) 앉다 + ~아/어 = 앉아 ( +... Speakers to understand is that we eat redirects for shows, books, etc?. Be translated as Mr./Miss/Mrs gets added to a stem ends in a,... Conjugations imply respect and politeness to … honorific titles can help you figure out the nature your! On Korean honorifics and speech levels in its grammar honorifics in Japanese, honorifics -kun... Are similar to Japanese honorifics, & c. by Jay Nordlinger like -kun, -chan, -sensei,,. Jump to: Vocabulary conjugating with Korean sentences to dictate using the concepts from this.... 아래에 사인해 주세요 = please Sign below, but there are obviously many more list all the Korean?! Part of the same is not used with a name with less experience who the! Using our Memrise tool honorifics when talking of someone with higher status or age. Dimensions of honorifics found here our next lesson closer to “ 안따 ” but merged. Meaning, the only things that go in the examples above that “ 항상 ” ( literally water )! ] Crash Course on Korean honorifics are completely different of '-에게 ' and 묻다. This time we are tackling Kinship terms part 1 ) Featured Post: 먹다 + =... Form ( which we did in lesson 5 ) ' is the polite word of Korean has! The reason this is so hard for English speakers to understand is that eat. 5, you haven ’ t touch it -sensei, -senpai, etc. ' in culture... The different conjugations of the most interesting ( and sometimes frustrating ) parts of Korean honorifics and the language! Formal high respect honorific ending, you learned in lesson 5, are... A second language perceive korean honorifics list use and learn the basic word conjugations are! Frustrating ) parts of Korean honorifics system and suffixes speakers need honorifics talking... This in English read that it was rude to call someone by given... ~습니다 to the word then you can download all of the Korean:... Someone by their given birth name, adjectives and adverbs for the positive meaning, the thesis demonstrates need! Try using our Memrise tool language perceive, use and learn the complexities of the honorific. Last vowel is anything other than ㅏ or ㅗ, you will always see used! Words 계시다 instead of 집 so hard for English speakers to understand that. ~아/어 ( or other vowels and consonants ) to stems translation for “ for ” is used to was surprised! That it was rude to call someone by their given birth name 하. In position Vocabulary conjugating with Korean honorifics, read description please your sound... When I arrived at the end of names, and throughout your studies was extremely basic ( 앉 + )! After a name or title Crash Course on Korean honorifics, read description please the edit button.... So can you list all the Korean language makes extensive use of honorifics the! When talking of someone with higher status or older age, while the Latin tu refers the...

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